FSD3449 EVA Survey on Finnish Values and Attitudes Spring 2020

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Authors

  • Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA)

Keywords

COVID-19, European integration, bacterial and virus diseases, economic conditions, economic issues, employment, global warming, internal politics, political systems, trust, values

Abstract

The survey charted the values and attitudes of Finnish people. The 2020 spring survey was collected during the first months of the COVID-19 (novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2) crisis, and main themes included the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on society, economy and employment in Finland. Other themes were trust, security and preparedness for different types of threats.

First, the respondents were presented with attitudinal statements concerning society, politics, effects of COVID-19, the Government's actions to combat COVID-19, trust in authority, climate change, and immigration.

Next, the survey examined the respondents' working arrangements after the Government had first given suggestions on remote work due to the coronavirus pandemic. The respondents were also asked to what extent they considered the coronavirus epidemic a threat to themselves, their family and friends and Finnish people generally in terms of health, finances and economy. The respondents were also asked to estimate what kinds of effects the COVID-19 epidemic would have on Finnish society and economy in the coming years, and whether the respondents had an optimistic or pessimistic view of the future personally, for Finland, for Europe and globally.

The respondents' trust was charted toward different actors in society (e.g. Parliament, authorities, EU, corporations, media). The respondents also estimated the likelihood of different global developments in the next ten years effected by some kind of crisis. They were also asked to assess the importance of living in a democratically governed nation and their attitudes toward alternative systems of governance for Finland. Additionally, the respondents' views were examined on the severity of threats such as hybrid operations, terrorist attack, data theft, economic crisis and global warming. Finally, the respondents were asked to assess how the recent refugee crisis had affected their views on immigration to Finland. Their attitudes toward EU and EMU membership were also charted.

Background variables included gender, age group, size of the respondent's municipality of residence, region of residence, education, economic activity and occupational status, employment sector, political party preference (which party the respondent would vote for) and self-perceived social class.

Study description in machine readable DDI 2.0 format

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