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FSD3331 ISSP 2018: Religion IV: Finnish Data

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Authors

  • International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
  • Melin, Harri (University of Tampere. School of Social Sciences and Humanities)

Keywords

moral behaviour, religion, religiosity, religious affiliation, religious attendance, religious behaviour, religious beliefs, religious doctrines, religious movements, values

Abstract

The 2018 International Social Survey Programme study charted Finnish values, moral views and religiosity. The themes were examined with several types of questions and attitudinal statements.

The respondents were asked how happy they felt with life in general and how satisfied they were with their relationships with family members and relatives. Moreover, questions charted attitudes toward extramarital sexual relations of a married person and sexual relations between two adults of the same gender. Opinions were also examined on whether abortion is justified if the family has a very low income and could not afford any more children.

Next, the survey charted the respondents' confidence in e.g. the parliament, business life and industry, church and religious organisations, courts and the judicial system, and schools and the educational system. In addition, the respondents were presented with several attitudinal statements concerning religion, religious leaders, science, and the influence of the church. Their opinions were also charted regarding religious extremist groups and God, as well as their belief in, for instance, life after death or religious miracles.

The next questions covered the religious affilition of the respondents' parents and to which religion the respondents were raised as children. Current participation in prayer or church activities other than Sunday services was also charted. The respondents were asked whether they concerned themselves as being religious, and their possible reaction in a situation where new legislation would contradict their religion was examined. The respondents' attitudes toward people representing different religions and religious groups were also charted, as well as whether the respondents considered people belonging to these groups threatening.

Background variables included, for instance, gender, year of birth, household composition, education, economic activity and occupational status, type of employer and type of contract, trade union membership, income, and which political party (if any) the respondent voted for in the 2015 parliamentary elections.

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