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FSD3279 Finnish Youth Survey 2016: Additional Data from the Helsinki Region

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Authors

  • Helsinki Regional Transport Authority (HSL)
  • Advisory Council for Youth Affairs (Nuora)
  • Finnish Youth Research Society. Finnish Youth Research Network

Keywords

achievement, adolescents, discrimination, driving, expectation, future society, immigration, labour and employment, natural environment, personal safety, satisfaction, values, youth

Abstract

The main theme of the Finnish Youth Survey 2016 was future. This dataset comprises an additional sample to the Finnish Youth Survey 2016 and it contains the responses of adolescents from 14 municipalities in the Helsinki region. The variables are nearly identical in both surveys with a few exceptions. In addition to future, the survey charted values and attitudes towards working life, environment, discrimination, safety, immigration, and driving.

Views of future were surveyed with questions about one's own future, the future of Finland and the world as well as on the possibilities to influence one's own life. The respondents were also asked how important they considered having their own family and children, close friends, a permanent job, a high standard of living etc. by the time they were 35 years old. The respondents' views of the economic situation of their own generation and the following generation were studied. The respondents also evaluated how likely and desirable certain future events in the Finnish society were. These included, among others, increase in gender equality, introduction of basic income, increase in material standard of living, and the preservation of the welfare state.

The respondents were asked whether they had faced discrimination and whether they thought people were trustworthy in general. The extent to which the respondents agreed with various statements relating to career and employment, such as "education improves chances of finding a job", and "I will change jobs often during my working career", was investigated. Attitudes towards the environment were studied by asking whether the respondents agreed with certain statements, such as "human effect on global warming is a fact", and "science and technology will solve environmental problems".

Feelings of insecurity and uncertainty in different places and areas of life were studied. If the respondents had had feelings of insecurity regarding physical, sexual, or mental violence, they were asked to specify whether they had more of these feelings in public or private places. Regarding immigration, the respondents were asked to evaluate statements such as "I'm friends with some immigrants", "It's important to me that my friends have been born in Finland", and "Immigrants are a vital and valuable part of the Finnish society". Contact with people from different ethnic backgrounds was charted.

The respondents answered a number questions about driving. They were asked how many cars there were in their household and if they planned on getting a driver's licence or already had one. The respondents were also asked to evaluate statements about the driver's licence and driving, such as "Getting a driver's licence is self-evident in my circle of friends", "No other means of transportation can replace the freedom of having your own car", and "Environmental reasons influence my decision of getting a car, or giving up my car". Finally, the respondents indicated their preferred municipality of residence in Finland and evaluated their life in general on a scale from 4-10.

Background variables included, among others, the respondent's gender, age, mother tongue, household composition, parents' education levels, current studies, completed degrees, economic activity, and length of possible unemployment. Furthermore, the background variables included R's country of birth, whether R's parents had been born in Finland, when R had moved to Finland, Finnish citizenship, feelings of being a part of minority, and several questions about place of residence and living standards.

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