FSD3105 Weather and Climate Risk Management in Finnish Organisations 2015
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- Gregow, Hilppa (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Haavisto, Riina (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Harjanne, Atte (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Luhtala, Sanna (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Mäkelä, Antti (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Tuomenvirta, Heikki (Finnish Meteorological Institute. Climate Service Centre)
- Halonen, Mikko (Gaia Consulting Oy)
- Raivio, Tuomas (Gaia Consulting Oy)
- Hildén, Mikael (Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE))
- Jakkila, Juho (Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE))
- Parjanne, Antti (Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE))
- Peltonen-Sainio, Pirjo (Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke))
- Kollanus, Virpi (National Institute for Health and Welfare)
- Lanki, Timo (National Institute for Health and Welfare)
- Miettinen, Ilkka (National Institute for Health and Welfare)
- Haanpää, Simo (University of Helsinki)
- Juhola, Sirkku (University of Helsinki)
- Jurgilevich, Alexandra (University of Helsinki)
- Räsänen, Aleksi (University of Helsinki)
climate, climate change, disasters, environmental changes, environmental planning, organizations, risk, weather
The study was part of the ELASTINEN project funded by the Prime Minister's Office Finland whose aim was to produce information and seek solutions to improve weather and climate risk management. The survey was conducted by a reasearch consortium consisting of the Finnish Meteorological Institute, University of Helsinki, Finnish Environment Institute, Natural Resources Institute Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, and Gaia Consulting. The survey charted the effects of weather and climate on the activities and risk management of Finnish organisations. The study surveyed sources of weather and climate information and views on the usefulness of these sources in risk management. A further topic under study was improvement of weather and climate risk prevention and preparedness.
Significance of different weather conditions and phenomena in the activities of the organisation were charted (e.g. severe weather phenomena occurring in Finland) as well as potential positive impacts of climate change on the organisation and the most significant harmful weather phenomena for the organisation.
With regard to management of weather and climate risks, the respondents were asked how these risks were managed in the organisation's activities, who was responsible for managing these risks in the organisation, what the most important motivators for managing the risks were, how big the risks were in the organisation compared to other risks, and whether the organisation had experienced a realisation of some weather or climate risk.
Use and awareness of different sources of weather and climate information were canvassed (e.g. long-term forecasts of the Finnish Meteorological Institute, climate change scenarios of the IPCC) as well as opinions on the usefulness of some sources of information in terms of climate risk management (e.g. scientific publications, social media, websites on weather and climate). The respondents were also asked whether their organisation collected data on the effects of exceptional weather phenomena and climate change on the organisation's activities and whether these data were available to outsiders.
Finally, relating to improvement of risk preparedness, the respondents were asked how significant they regarded different factors that hinder the management of climate risks (e.g. organisation's limited resources, lack or problems of technological solutions) and how significant different ways of improving weather and climate risk management were for the organisation.
Background variables included the type, field, and size of organisation, primary area of operations as well as the respondent's position and area of responsibility in the organisation, and work experience in the field.
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