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FSD3067 Finnish National Election Study 2015

Study title

Finnish National Election Study 2015

Dataset ID Number

FSD3067

Persistent identifier

urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD3067

Data Type

Quantitative

Authors

  • Grönlund, Kimmo (Åbo Akademi University. Social Science Research Institute)
  • Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina (University of Tampere. School of Management)

Other Identification/Acknowledgements

  • Borg, Sami (University of Tampere)
  • von Schoultz, Åsa (Åbo Akademi University)
  • Strandberg, Kim (Åbo Akademi University)
  • Tiihonen, Aino (University of Tampere)
  • Wass, Hanna (University of Helsinki)
  • Westinen, Jussi (Åbo Akademi University)

Abstract

Finnish National Election Study 2015 charted the political participation, political attitudes, party allegiance, candidate and party choice, and voting behaviour of Finns. Further topics included citizens' initiative, different ways of having a say, and future prospects of Finland. The data were collected after the elections through face-to-face interviews and a self-administered drop-off questionnaire. The interview data contain Finland's contribution to the international CSES study (module 4). Data collection was funded by the Ministry of Justice.

First questions in the interview covered interest in politics, attention paid to media coverage of the elections (including social media), Internet use, discussions about politics with others, party identification and self-perceived social class. The respondents were asked to what extent they agreed with some statements relating to voting, democracy, the electoral system, and decision-making. Willingness to influence things by own activity (for instance, by participating in a demonstration or joining a consumer boycott) was charted as well as membership in a political party. Concerning citizens' initiative, the respondents were asked whether they thought the introduction of the initiative had promoted democracy in Finland and whether they had signed any initiatives. Opinions on the importance of the Internet and social media as channels of civic engagement were surveyed.

The survey also carried a set of attitudinal statements on voting, politics, political parties, politicians and public political influence (e.g. 'I have no say in what the Government and Parliament decide' or 'By voting, ordinary people can influence political decision-making'. With regard to the future prospects of Finland, the respondents were asked which future directions they thought sounded good or bad (e.g. "more entrepreneurship and market economy", "better equality between men and women").

The CSES module explored the respondents' opinions on the economic situation of Finland, own financial situation, whether public expenditure on various things should be increased or decreased, whether the Government should take measures to bridge the income gap, and whether it made a difference who was in power or who people voted for. The respondents were asked to place themselves and the parties on a left-right axis. Questions also covered satisfaction with democracy in Finland and whether the respondents felt close to any party. Voting behaviour was studied with questions on whether the respondents had voted, the candidate of which party they had voted for, whether they had considered voting for a candidate of any other party and if yes, which party, whether they had voted in the previous parliamentary elections and which party they had voted for. Opinions on the party leaders were surveyed. Finally, the respondents' factual knowledge of politics was tested with a few questions.

Non-voters were asked why they had not voted and how self-evident not voting had been to them. All those who had voted were asked what had influenced their choice of party, to what extent various issues had influenced their candidate choice, whether they had voted for a candidate who was of the same age and gender as themselves, and when they had decided which candidate and party to vote for. The respondents' perceptions of how much different things and people had affected their political opinions were studied. Trust in government and other institutions, groups and people was charted as well as views on the performance of the Government in the previous electoral term.

The self-administered questionnaire surveyed the extent to which the respondents agreed with a number of statements relating to values and Finnish politics, whether they identified with different groups, and information sources used for making the voting decision. The respondents were also asked whether they had been contacted personally by a party or a candidate during campaigning, whether their family or friends and acquaintances had tried to influence their voting decision, and how easy it had been for the respondents to find a suitable party and candidate. Online voting and political activities and participation on the Internet were charted as well as time spent on following news and other programmes on politics and topical issues. Other topics included views on own financial situation and the Finnish economy and employment situation, satisfaction with own life, and opinions on who should make the important political decisions. Finally, personality traits of the respondents were surveyed using the Ten-item personality inventory (TIPI).

Variables beginning with 'k' are national election study variables, 'q' denotes CSES variables, 'p' denotes variables in the self-administered questionnaire, 'a' denotes CSES administrative variables and 'd' denotes background variables.

Background variables included, among others, the respondent's year of birth, gender, education, marital status, health status, trade union membership, economic activity and occupational status, employer type, unemployment periods, religiosity and religious attendance, mother tongue, gross annual household income, number of people in the household, type of neighbourhood/municipality, housing tenure, and electoral district.

Keywords

constituencies; internet; parliamentary candidates; parliamentary elections; party identification; personality traits; political allegiance; political attitudes; political influence; political interest; political participation; trust; voting

Topic Classification

Series

Finnish National Election Studies

Distributor

Finnish Social Science Data Archive

Access

The dataset is (B) available for research, teaching and study.

Data Collector

  • TNS Gallup Finland

Data Producers

  • Election Study Consortium

Time Period Covered

2015

Collection Dates

2015-04-24 – 2015-07-07

Nation

Finland

Geographical Coverage

Finland

Analysis/Observation Unit Type

Individual

Universe

People living in Finland and entitled to vote in the Finnish parliamentary elections in 2015 (excluding the Åland Islands)

Time Method

Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section

Sampling Procedure

Probability: Multistage

The sampling was based on prior knowledge of the groups into which the population can be divided into. In the first stage, the number of persons required by the study were regionally divided by NUTS2 major regions. In the second stage, municipality types were taken into account. Interviewees were selected based on the sampling. After the interview, the respondents were asked to complete a self-administered paper questionnaire with additional questions (drop-off questionnaire). The data consist of interviews of 1,587 people and questionnaires completed by 684 people. Out of the 11,500 people selected in the sampling frame, 4,044 refused to participate and 5,919 could not be reached.

Collection Mode

Face-to-face interview

Self-administered questionnaire: Paper

Research Instrument

Structured questionnaire

Response Rate

13.7%

Data File Language

Downloaded data package may contain different language versions of the same files.

The data files of this dataset are available in English and in Finnish.

FSD translates quantitative data into English on request, free of charge. Qualitative data are available in their original language only and are not translated. More information on ordering data translation.

Number of Cases and Variables

405 variables and 1587 cases.

Data Version

1.0

Completeness of Data and Restrictions

Numbering of response alternatives in the archived data does not strictly follow the numbering in the original questionnaire.

Persons mentioned in the Other Identification/Acknowledgements field of this data description participated in questionnaire design.

Variables D24_1 (specification of the respondent's religious community) and Q37_1 (specification of mother tongue) were removed from the data during archiving.

Citation Requirement

The data and its creators shall be cited in all publications and presentations for which the data have been used. The bibliographic citation may be in the form suggested by the archive or in the form required by the publication.

Bibliographical Citation

Grönlund, Kimmo (Åbo Akademi University) & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina (University of Tampere): Finnish National Election Study 2015 [dataset]. Version 1.0 (2016-06-13). Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor]. http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD3067

Deposit Requirement

The user shall notify the archive of all publications where she or he has used the data.

Disclaimer

The original data creators and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the reuse of the data.

Other Material

See downloadable files at the top of the page.

Election Study Consortium website

Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES) website

Related Publications

Bäck, Maria & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina & Söderlund, Peter (2016). Suomalaisten poliittinen luottamus ja siihen vaikuttavat tekijät. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 379-397. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Borg, Sami & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina & Westinen, Jussi (2015). Demokratiaindikaattorit 2015. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Selvityksiä ja ohjeita 56/2015. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-483-9

Christensen, Henrik Serup & Karjalainen, Maija & Setälä, Maija (2016). Kansalaisaloite poliittisen yhdenvertaisuuden näkökulmasta. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 435-455. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Grönlund, Kimmo (2016). Eduskuntavaalit 2015. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 58-75. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Mattila, Mikko & Lahtinen, Hannu & Rapeli, Lauri & Wass, Hanna (2016). Terveys ja poliittinen kiinnittyminen. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 415-434. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Pikkala, Sari (2016). Naiset ja miehet äänestäjinä. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 398-414. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015. Toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Rapeli, Lauri & Borg, Sami (2016). Kiinnostavaa mutta monimutkaista. Tiedot, osallistuminen ja suhtautuminen vaikuttamiseen. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 358-378. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Söderlund, Peter (2016). Kannastaan epävarmat ja liikkuvat äänestäjät. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 343-356. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Strandberg, Kim (2016). Ehdokkaiden ja kansalaisten internetin ja sosiaalisen median poliittinen käyttö vuosien 2003-2015 eduskuntavaaleissa. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 95-116. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Strandberg, Kim & Carlson, Tom (2017). Expanding the Online Political Demos but Maintaining the Status Quo? The Development of Finnish Voters' Use of the Internet and Social Media Prior to Parliamentary Elections 2003-2015. Scandinavian Political Studies 40(1), 82-106. DOI:10.1111/1467-9477.12082

Tiihonen, Aino (2015). Etujärjestöt, puolueet ja yhteiskuntaluokat Suomessa 2000-luvulla. Tampere: Tampereen yliopisto. Politiikan tutkimuksen tutkinto-ohjelma. Pro gradu -tutkielma. http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:uta-201511022409

Tiihonen, Aino (2016). Etujärjestöjen, puolueiden ja äänestäjien väliset suhteet. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 321-342. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Tiihonen, Aino & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina & Westinen, Jussi & Rapeli, Lauri (2016). Puoluekannan periytyminen vanhemmilta lapsille. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 298-320. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

von Schoultz, Åsa (2016). Puolueiden puheenjohtajien merkitys äänestyspäätöksen kannalta. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 159-176. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Wass, Hanna & Borg, Sami (2016). Yhdenvertaisuus äänestyskopissa: äänestysaktiivisuus vuoden 2015 eduskuntavaaleissa. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 177-199. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Wass, Hanna & Grönlund, Kimmo (2016). Johdanto: yhdenvertaisuus ja poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 29-44. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Westinen, Jussi (2016). Puoluevalinta Suomessa 2000-luvulla. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 249-272. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Westinen, Jussi & Borg, Sami (2016). Itä-Suomen vaalipiiriuudistuksen vaikutukset. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 200-223. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

Westinen, Jussi & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina & Tiihonen, Aino (2016). Äänestäjät arvo- ja asenneulottuvuuksilla. Teoksessa: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 (toim. Grönlund, Kimmo & Wass, Hanna), 273-297. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu 28/2016. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-517-1

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