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FSD3048 Development Cooperation Survey 2015

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Authors

  • Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

Keywords

UN Millennium Development Goals, aid, developing countries, development aid (international), development policy, international cooperation, poverty, public expenditure

Abstract

The survey charted Finnish opinions on and knowledge of the country's development cooperation, its importance, content, objectives, and allocation. Some questions focused on the UN Millennium Development Goals. The data were collected as part of Taloustutkimus's national CAPI Omnibus study.

The respondents were asked what came to mind upon hearing the word development cooperation, how important they regarded development cooperation, and to what extent they agreed with a number of statements relating to development cooperation (e.g. "Rich countries have an obligation to help developing countries"). Familiarity with the UN Millennium Development Goals was surveyed as well as views on the most important Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals being drawn up by the UN. Views were charted on the significance of development cooperation in alleviating poverty and improving the lives of people in developing countries.

With regard to development cooperation by Finland, opinions were studied on the importance of Finnish humanitarian aid, significance of Finland's achievements in development policy, the most important forms of development cooperation for Finland (e.g. bilateral, multilateral, cooperation through the EU), and the effectiveness of Finnish development cooperation.

The respondents' factual knowledge was charted by asking how much the respondents thought Finland was going to spend on development cooperation in 2015 (as percentage of the GNI and in euros). The respondents were asked whether the tax-based funding of development cooperation should be replaced by a system based primarily on voluntary donations of citizens, and whether Finland should increase the amount of funding allocated to development cooperation in light of the current economic situation.

Some questions pertained to whether there was enough information available on development cooperation and developing countries, from which information sources the respondents had received information on these topics, whether more information should be available on certain topics, and how reliable public authorities, voluntary/civic organisations and the media were as sources of such information. Finally, the respondents were asked how they thought they could help the developing countries as individuals and how they had participated in helping the developing countries or people in those countries in the past year.

Background variables included, among others, the respondent's age, gender, economic activity and occupational status, education, and marital status as well as economic activity/occupational status and education of the household head, household composition, ages of children living at home, gross annual income of the household, municipality size and type, major region (NUTS2) and region (NUTS3) of residence, type of accommodation, and Internet use.

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