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FSD2543 Working Time Bank 2004

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Study title

Working Time Bank 2004

Dataset ID Number

FSD2543

Persistent identifier

urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD2543

Data Type

Quantitative

Authors

  • Oinas, Tomi (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)
  • Jokivuori, Pertti (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)
  • Ilmonen, Kaj (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)

Abstract

The survey covered opinions on working time bank systems in Finnish organisations. Other main topics included job and organisation characteristics, working hours, work atmosphere and management. A working time bank (flexible working time scheme, working hours bank) allows employees to save working time for their individual needs. Hours worked in excess of regular working hours are saved up in the bank, and employees can take free time based on the accumulated hours later.

Job characteristics were charted with questions about the respondents' status at work, main duties, contract type, working time (full-time, part-time, semi-retired etc.) and the pay system. The respondents were asked whether they thought they would be able to work till retirement age and if not, why. Some questions explored autonomy at work, attitudes to work and to the organisation, job satisfaction, and the importance of various factors of work (e.g. good salary, interesting job, degree of autonomy, good relations with co-workers) to the respondents.

Work athmosphere, organisation culture, satisfaction with the management and immediate supervisor, labour relations (between management and workers) and workplace relations (between workers) were studied with a number of questions in different parts of the questionnaire.

The survey also investigated workloads, working hours and working time banks arrangements. Questions covered hours worked on a normal week, paid and unpaid overtime work, reasons for overtime, possibilities to take time off, flexibility of working arrangements etc. Experiences of and satisfaction with the working time bank system were explored with questions relating to how the system worked and how the respondent had used it, degree of satisfaction with the system and reasons for satisfaction/dissatisfaction. The respondents were also asked about their working time preferences (reduced hours at request, part-time work, more regular hours etc).

Finally, the respondents were asked about trade union membership, their official positions, and relations between the workplace union and the employer.

Background variables included the respondent's organisation, gender, year of birth, marital status, occupational status and economic activity of the spouse, household composition, R's vocational educcation and wage level.

Keywords

autonomy at work; job satisfaction; labour relations; overtime; personnel management; trade union membership; working conditions; working time

Topic Classification

Series

Individual datasets

Distributor

Finnish Social Science Data Archive

Access

The dataset is (B) available for research, teaching and study.

Data Collector

  • Oinas, Tomi (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)
  • Jokivuori, Pertti (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)
  • Ilmonen, Kaj (University of Jyväskylä. Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy)

Data Producers

  • Ministry of Labour

Time Period Covered

2004 – 2005

Collection Dates

2004-11 – 2005-02

Nation

Finland

Geographical Coverage

Finland

Analysis/Observation Unit Type

Individual

Universe

Employees of the organisations in which the working time bank system was in use and which were included in the study. Organisations included were two engineering offices, a hotel, an urban municipality, two printing houses, a cleaning service provider, and two industrial enterprises.

Time Method

Cross-section

Sampling Procedure

Mixed probability and non-probability

Nine organisations were chosen from different employment sectors in Finland.

In small and medium-sized organisations the questionnaire was distributed to all staff members. In large organisations the questionnaire was distributed to only part of the personnel. In the industrial enterprise A a random sample of 300 persons was drawn. In the case of the urban municipality, three units were randomly selected and the questionnaire distributed to the entire staff of those units.

Questionnaires were delivered to the employers or their representatives who in turn distributed them to the staff. Staff members were informed of the survey in advance and an information leaflet was distributed along with the questionnaire. Filled-in questionnaires were returned in boxes specially provided for the purpose. Potential respondents had two weeks time to fill in the questionnaire which they returned either personally or through the internal post system. Anonymity of the respondents was not endangered at any stage.

In organisations with high non-response, the employers were asked to send a reminder via e-mail or internal post and to extend the questionnaire return deadline. Altogether, 944 questionnaires were distributed and 493 returned.

Collection Mode

Self-administered questionnaire: Paper

Research Instrument

Structured questionnaire

Response Rate

50%

Data File Language

Downloaded data package may contain different language versions of the same files.

The data files of this dataset are available in the following languages: Finnish.

FSD translates quantitative data into English on request, free of charge. More information on ordering data translation.

Data Version

1

Citation Requirement

The data and its creators shall be cited in all publications and presentations for which the data have been used. The bibliographic citation may be in the form suggested by the archive or in the form required by the publication.

Bibliographical Citation

Oinas, Tomi (University of Jyväskylä) & Jokivuori, Pertti (University of Jyväskylä) & Ilmonen, Kaj (University of Jyväskylä): Working Time Bank 2004 [dataset]. Version 1 (2010-10-14). Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor]. http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD2543

Deposit Requirement

The user shall notify the archive of all publications where she or he has used the data.

Disclaimer

The original data creators and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the reuse of the data.

Related Materials

Oinas, Tomi & Jokivuori, Pertti & Ilmonen, Kaj (2005). Työaikapankki -haavetta ja todellisuutta. Helsinki: Työministeriö. Työpoliittinen tutkimus 284.

Related Publications

Oinas, Tomi (2009). Tyytyväisyys työaikapankkiin. Työelämäntutkimus 7 (2), 81-91.

Oinas, Tomi & Jokivuori, Pertti & Ilmonen, Kaj (2005). Työaikapankki - haavetta ja todellisuutta. Helsinki: Työministeriö. Työpoliittinen tutkimus 284.

Teräväinen, Juha (2007). "4,8429 asteikolla 1-7." Mitä keskiarvo kertoo työyhteisön ilmapiiristä? Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän yliopisto. Sosiologian pro gradu -tutkielma.

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