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FSD2420 Index of Power Resources (IPR) 2007

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Authors

  • Vanhanen, Tatu

Keywords

agricultural society, authority, democracy, democratization, economic and social development, education, literacy, political power, politics, resources, rural population, social progress

Abstract

This survey continues the original dataset "FSD1216 Democratization and Power Resources 1850-2000" collected by professor Tatu Vanhanen, which was a result of long-term research on democratization and power resources. The updated data have been collected from several written sources and published also in Vanhanen's book "The Limits of Democratization". The original sources of the numerical data published in the book have been collected to a separate document, the link to which can be found below in the section Other material: Original sources.

Eight variables are used to measure country-specific resource distribution: 1) Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (%); 2) Adult Literacy Rate (%); 3) Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR; 4) Family Farms, FF (%); 5) Agricultural Population, AP (%); 6) Estimated Degree of Decentralization of Economic Power Resources, DD; 7) Index of Economic Power Resources, ER; and 8) Index of Power Resources, IPR. The variables have been updated from the previous dataset, and the calculation methods have been specified in some cases, or even reconstructed in a totally new way in some cases.

Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (%) is based on the percentage of students enrolled in universities and institutes of higher learning within the relevant age group. Adult Literacy Rate (%) is calculated as a percentage of adult population. Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR is the mean of these two variables.

Family Farms, FF (%) means the percentage of total cultivated area or of total area of holdings. The proportion of agricultural population between 2000 and 2005 is coded in variable Agricultural Population, AP (%). Estimated Degree of Decentralization of Economic Power Resources, DD is calculated by adding the percentage of the population living under the poverty line with the richest 10 percent of the population, and then calculating the proportion of their income or expenditure compared to the whole population minus 10 percentage units, and then subtracting the sum from 100. In some cases, the calculated percentage has been increased or decreased for reasons given in detail in Vanhanen Vanhanen's book "The Limits of Democratization". Index of Economic Power Resources, ER is calculated by the formula ER = (FF * AP) + (DD * NAP), where NAP = 100-AP. The last variable, Index of Power Resources, IPR is calculated by dividing the product of Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR and Index of Economic Power Resources, ER by 100.

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