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FSD2269 Finnish National Election Study 2007

Study title

Finnish National Election Study 2007

Dataset ID Number

FSD2269

Persistent identifier

urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD2269

Data Type

Quantitative

Authors

  • Paloheimo, Heikki (University of Tampere. Department of Political Science and International Relations)

Other Identification/Acknowledgements

  • The members of the Political Participation and Modes of Democracy: Finland in a Comparative Perspective research group: Åsa Bengtsson (Åbo Akademi University), Sami Borg (University of Tampere. Finnish Social Science Data Archive), Kimmo Grönlund (Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa), Lauri Karvonen (Åbo Akademi University), Mikko Mattila (University of Helsinki), Tom Moring (University of Helsinki), Kim Strandberg (Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa), Jan Sundberg (University of Helsinki), Hanna Wass (University of Helsinki) and Tuomo Turja (Taloustutkimus) and Risto Sänkiaho (University of Tampere).

Abstract

The survey consists of two parts which were collected after the 2007 parliamentary elections in Finland with the help of face-to-face interviews and a supplementary, self-administered questionnaire. Swedish-speaking population is over-represented in the data. The interview data form Finland's contribution to the international Comparative Study of Electoral Systems program (CSES).

The respondents were asked about their interest in politics and how much they had followed the elections in different media. Their views were canvassed on which group they primarily identified with, self-perceived social status, how stable their party preference was, and what they would be willing to do in order to promote the issues they considered important. Views on voting, participating in parliamentary elections, politics, politicians, and various institutions were queried with the help of attitudinal statements. The respondents were also asked questions about the Internet and the ways of using it as a means of political participation.

Next, the respondents were asked whether they had held any municipal elected offices, and whether they were members of any political party. They were also asked to name objectives which the recently elected members of parliament in their constituency should focus on, and also to name the most important issues debated during the past parliamentary elections as well as the most severe social problems in Finland. The respondents were asked whether they thought voting makes any difference, and whether it makes any difference who is in power. They were also asked to assess the performance of the previous government led by Matti Vanhanen. In addition, the respondents were asked to place various political parties as well as Matti Vanhanen, Eero Heinäluoma, Jyrki Katainen, and themselves on the left-right axis. Some questions focused on how the parties had distinguished themselves from each other during the elections, to what extent the respondents had followed election campaigning, and how well democracy worked in Finland.

In addition, the respondents were asked whether they had voted in the 2007 parliamentary elections, which party they had voted or would have voted for, and whether there was a party in the past elections they would have never considered voting for. If the respondents had not voted, they were asked about their reasons for abstaining from voting. Those who had cast a vote were asked what their voting decision was based on, whether they had voted for a candidate of their own gender, how old their candidate was, and whether they had voted in the 2003 parliamentary elections. Finally, the respondents were presented with some questions measuring their knowledge of political issues.

The supplementary, self-administered questionnaire charted the importance of issues and objectives debated during the elections for the respondents. The respondents were also presented with a set of attitudinal statements on redundancies, growing income disparity, and building a sixth nuclear power plant in Finland. In addition, they were asked about different sources where they had received information relevant to their voting decision, and presented with general questions and statements pertaining to voting, Finland's international relations and politics. Membership in various groups was canvassed, as well as how often the respondents discussed political issues with other people and what they would think if it were possible to vote online on the issues debated in the Parliament. The respondents expressed their views on the significance of party leaders for party support, whether there should be more freedom of choice in the public sector, whether there should be more social reforms, and whether the state of affairs was better at the time of the interview than two years before. Finally, views on the future and satisfaction with financial situation and life in general were probed.

Variables beginning with 'k' denote the national election study variables, 'q' denotes CSES variables, 'p' denotes variables from the self-administered questionnaire, 'a' denotes CSES administrative variables, and 'd' denotes background variables.

Background variables included the respondent's year of birth, gender, education, marital status, trade union membership, economic activity, occupational status, annual household income, religiosity, mother tongue, place of residence, type of accommodation, and constituency.

Keywords

Internet; election campaigns; elections; parliamentary candidates; parliamentary elections; party identification; political allegiance; political attitudes; political awareness; political influence; political interest; political participation; political support; voting

Topic Classification

Series

Finnish National Election Studies

Distributor

Finnish Social Science Data Archive

Access

The dataset is (B) available for research, teaching and study.

Data Collector

  • Taloustutkimus

Data Producers

  • Academy of Finland
  • Finnish Social Science Data Archive
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Advisory Council for Youth Affairs
  • The Society of Swedish Literature in Finland

Time Period Covered

2007

Collection Dates

2007-03-20 – 2007-05-22

Nation

Finland

Geographical Coverage

Finland

Analysis/Observation Unit Type

Individual

Universe

Finnish people entitled to vote in the 2007 parliamentary elections (excluding the Åland Islands)

Time Method

Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section

Sampling Procedure

Non-probability: Quota

For the interviews of the Finnish-speaking respondents, the sample was drawn with the help of quota sampling, in which the quotas were based on age, gender and province of residence of the respondents. The interviews were conducted by using the starting point method. The first interview was conducted in a randomly selected starting point, after which the interviewer proceeded to the next four households. In the interviews of the Swedish-speaking respondents, the quotas were not based on province; instead, they were based on constituency, because the interviews were only conducted in the constituencies where the number of Swedish-speaking people entitled to vote was significant (the consituencies of Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland Proper, and Vaasa). In these constituencies, the interviews were further limited to the municipalities where the proportion of Swedish-speaking residents was significant. The selection was based on the information about the percentage of Swedish-speaking residents in Finnish municipalities, drawn from the Finlandssvenskarna 2002 report compiled by The Swedish Assembly of Finland (Folktinget). The quotas used in the interviews of the Swedish-speaking respondents were formed by ordering a random sample from the Finnish Population Register Centre. The size of the sample was ten times greater than the desired number of responses, and it contained altogether 3,000 names of Swedish-speaking people entitled to vote and living in the municipalities selected for the sample. The quotas in this sample were based on age, gender and constituency-specific population distribution. Face-to-face interviews for the Finnish-speaking respondents were conducted 20 March - 23 April 2007 and for the Swedish-speaking respondents 1 April - 20 May 2007. The drop-off questionnaires were returned before 22 May 2007.

Collection Mode

Face-to-face interview

Self-administered questionnaire: Paper

Research Instrument

Structured questionnaire

Data File Language

Downloaded data package may contain different language versions of the same files.

The data files of this dataset are available in the following languages: Finnish, English and Swedish.

FSD translates quantitative data into English on request, free of charge. More information on ordering data translation.

Number of Cases and Variables

399 variables and 1422 cases.

Data Version

2.0

Related Datasets

FSD2263

Citation Requirement

The data and its creators shall be cited in all publications and presentations for which the data have been used. The bibliographic citation may be in the form suggested by the archive or in the form required by the publication.

Bibliographical Citation

Paloheimo, Heikki (University of Tampere): Finnish National Election Study 2007 [dataset]. Version 2.0 (2018-07-12). Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor]. http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD2269

Deposit Requirement

The user shall notify the archive of all publications where she or he has used the data.

Disclaimer

The original data creators and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the reuse of the data.

Other Material

See downloadable files at the top of the page.

The website of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES) research project

Related Publications

Bengtsson, Åsa (2012). Väljarnas kandidatval: rörlighet och motiv. Teoksessa: Muutosvaalit 2011 (toim. Borg, Sami), 139-155. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu; OMSO 16/2012. Helsinki: Edita. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-172-2.

Bengtsson, Åsa (2014). Kansanedustajien roolit ja kansalaisodotukset. Teoksessa: Eduskunta. Kansanvaltaa puolueiden ja hallituksen ehdoilla (toim. Raunio, Tapio & Wiberg, Matti), 66-76. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Mattila, Mikko (2009). Direct Democracy and its Critics: Support for Direct Democracy and 'Stealth' Democracy in Finland. West European Politics 32(5):1031-1048.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Mattila, Mikko (2009). Suoran demokratian ja häivedemokratian kannatus Suomessa. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 303-324. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Serup Christensen, Henrik (2009). Politiskt deltagande i Finland. Politiikka 51(2):77-95.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Wass, Hanna (2009). Äänestäjien edustusta koskevat odotukset. Politiikka 51(3):187-207.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Wass, Hanna (2009). Kansalaisten edustusodotukset. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 279-302. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Bengtsson, Åsa & Wass, Hanna (2010). Styles of political representation: what do voters expect? Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties 20(1), 55-81. DOI: 10.1080/17457280903450724

Bengtsson, Åsa & Wass, Hanna (2011). The representative roles of MPs: a citizen perspective. Scandinavian Political Studies 34(2), 143-167.

Berggren, Niclas & Jordahl, Henrik & Poutvaara, Panu (2011). The Right Look. Conservative Politicians Look Better and Their Voters Reward It. IZA Discussion Paper 5513. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

Borg, Sami (2008). Hiljaa hyvä tulee. Puheenvuoro äänestysprosenteista ja vaaliaktivoinnista. Helsinki: Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö. Polemia-sarja; 71.

Borg, Sami (2008). Kansalaisten jäsenyys ja toiminta puolueissa. Teoksessa: Suomen puolueet ja puoluejärjestelmä (toim. Paloheimo, Heikki & Raunio, Tapio), 85-107. Porvoo-Helsinki: WSOY Oppimateriaalit.

Borg, Sami (2009). Nuorten poliittinen osallistuminen. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 149-174. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Borg, Sami (2012). Perussuomalaiset. Teoksessa: Muutosvaalit 2011 (toim. Borg, Sami), 191-210. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu; OMSO 16/2012. Helsinki: Edita. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-172-2.

Borg, Sami (2012). Valitsijoiden liikkuvuus eduskuntavaaleissa 2007-2011. Teoksessa: Muutosvaalit 2011 (toim. Borg, Sami), 126-138. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu; OMSO 16/2012. Helsinki: Edita. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-172-2.

Borg, Sami (2018). Kuntavaalitutkimus 2017 [verkkodokumentti]. Keuruu: Otavan Kirjapaino Oy. https://kaks.fi/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/tutkimusjulkaisu_kuntavaalitutkimus-2017.pdf [viitattu 5.11.2018].

Borg, Sami & Kestilä-Kekkonen, Elina & Westinen, Jussi (2015). Demokratiaindikaattorit 2015. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Selvityksiä ja ohjeita 56/2015. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-483-9

Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki (2009). Vaalipiirin koon vaikutus vaaliosallistumiseen. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 243-278. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Demokratiaindikaattorit 2013. Toim. Borg, Sami. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Selvityksiä ja ohjeita 52/2013. URN:ISBN:978-952-259-334-4

Elo, Kimmo & Rapeli, Lauri (2012). Politiikkatietämys ja poliittinen kiinnostus. Teoksessa: Muutosvaalit 2011 (toim. Borg, Sami), 275-291. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu; OMSO 16/2012. Helsinki: Edita. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-172-2.

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Giger, Nathalie & Holli, Anne Maria & Lefkofridi, Zoe & Wass, Hanna (2014). The gender gap in same-gender voting. The role of context. In: Electoral Studies 35(3), 303-314.

Grönlund, Kimmo (2009). Poliittinen tietämys. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 175-205. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Grönlund, Kimmo & Westinen, Jussi (2012). Puoluevalinta. Teoksessa: Muutosvaalit 2011 (toim. Borg, Sami), 156-188. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. Oikeusministeriön julkaisu; OMSO 16/2012. Helsinki: Edita. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-259-172-2.

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Holli, Anne Maria & Wass, Hanna (2009). Sukupuoli ja äänestäminen. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 126-148. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

Holli, Anne & Wass, Hanna (2010). Gender-based voting in the parliamentary elections of 2007 in Finland. European Journal of Political Research 49(5), 598-630. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01910.x

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Karvonen, Lauri (2009). Politiikan henkilöityminen. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 94-125. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

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Paloheimo, Heikki (2008). Ideologiat ja ristiriitaulottuvuudet. Teoksessa: Suomen puolueet ja puoluejärjestelmä (toim. Paloheimo, Heikki & Raunio, Tapio), 27-59. Porvoo-Helsinki: WSOY Oppimateriaalit.

Paloheimo, Heikki (2009). Puoluejärjestelmän lohkeamat ja ristiriitaulottuvuudet. Teoksessa: Puolueiden tulevaisuus (toim. Rauli Mickelsson), 15-61. Helsinki: Oikeusministeriö. - (Oikeusministeriön julkaisuja 2009: 6)

Paloheimo, Heikki (2009). Suurten ikäluokkien diktatuuri. Teoksessa: Ajan särmä. Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta 1949-2009 (toim. Paula Järvenpää, Mikko Lahtinen & Kaarle Nordenstreng), 151-165. Tampere: Tampereen yliopisto

Paloheimo, Heikki & Borg, Sami (2009). Eduskuntavaalit yleisödemokratian aikakaudella. Teoksessa: Vaalit yleisödemokratiassa. Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2007 (toim. Borg, Sami & Paloheimo, Heikki), 357-376. Tampere: Tampere University Press.

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